Burzum (eng. /ˈbɜːrzəm/; Norv. [bbʉrtsʉm]) is a musical project of Norwegian musician and writer Varg Vikernes. Varg composed his music as early as 1988, before Burzum was founded ( the official date of Burzum's founding is 1991). The name of the project was taken from the trilogy of J. R. R. Tolkien's "Lord of the rings ": the word" burzum "translates as" darkness " in the black dialect — a fictional language developed by Tolkien. The Burzum project became an integral part of the early black metal scene, influencing its development along with bands such as Mayhem, Darkthrone, Immortal, Emperor, and Gorgoroth.